Bare, brooding mountains and glaciers that sweep down to farmland give the landscape around the Bernina Pass (2323m; Passo del Bernina in Italian) austere grandeur. A road and railway both twist their way up to the pass from the Engadine Valley, cross it, then drop into Italian-speaking Val Poschiavo. This is high Alpine stuff, with superb skiing and hiking, plus some exciting places to lay your head.
The stretch of track that crosses the pass, known as the Bernina Line, was added to the Unesco World Heritage list in 2008. Constructed in 1910, it is one of the world's steepest narrow-gauge railways, negotiating the highest rail crossing in Europe and taking in spectacular glaciers, gorges and rock pinnacles.