Welcome to Kerma
A Shangri-la for culture vultures, Kerma is one of the oldest inhabited towns in Africa and a place of immense historical importance. The area around Kerma has been occupied for at least 8000 to 10,000 years, but the town reached its peak around 1800 BC to 1600 BC, when it was capital of the Kingdom of Kush and an important trade centre during Egypt's Middle Kingdom. It was at this time that Kerma's kings built two monumental mud-brick temples, known as deffufa; the oldest, and arguably largest, mud-brick buildings on the continent. North of Kerma, the site of Tombos is also well worth a detour.