Outbreaks of the Zika virus have been reported on St Kitts and Nevis, and isolated incidents of the chikungunya virus have also cropped up in the Caribbean. Both are transmitted by mosquito bites, which is why you should protect yourself with a good insect repellent containing at least 25% DEET at all times. Pregnant women should not travel to the islands because of the risk of Zika-related birth defects.
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Before You Go
Aside from routine vaccinations – measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, chickenpox, polio – the US-based Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends vaccinations against hepatitis A and typhoid for most travelers to St Kitts and Nevis.
The government of St Kitts and Nevis requires proof of yellow fever vaccination if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever.
For details see wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/st-kitts-and-nevis.
If your health insurance does not cover you for medical expenses while in St Kitts and Nevis, it's recommended that you take out supplemental insurance. Be sure to get a policy that also covers emergency repatriation.
Hospital and clinics may not accept medical travel insurance as payment for treatment. In that case, you need to foot the bill upfront and get reimbursed by your insurer later on.
Note that some policies specifically exclude dangerous activities, such as scuba diving, trekking and mountain biking. If you plan on engaging in any of those, make sure you're covered.
In St Kitts and Nevis
Availability & Cost of Healthcare
For minor illnesses, nearly all hotels will have a doctor on call or will be able to help you find assistance. Healthcare is expensive and the standard of the medical equipment not as high, modern or comprehensive as you might be used to. Sophisticated diagnostic tests like CT and MRI scans, and anything but minor surgeries and other treatments must be performed outside the islands. The CDA Technical Institute of the West Indies on Bay Rd in Basseterre operates two hyperbaric chambers.
Joseph N France General Hospital Main hospital on st Kitts with emergency room and trauma department.
Many people drink tap water without incident but the US-based Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends bottled water, which is cheap and widely available.