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Top Choice Monument in Polonnaruwa

Gal Vihara

This is a group of beautiful Buddha images that probably marks the high point of Sinhalese rock carving. They are part of Parakramabahu’s northern monastery. The Gal Vihara consists of four separate images, all cut …
Top Choice Buddhist Temple in Polonnaruwa


One of the most evocative structures in Polonnaruwa, the Lankatilaka temple was built by Parakramabahu and later restored by Vijayabahu IV. This huge gedige has 17m-high walls, although the roof has collapsed. The c…
Museum in Polonnaruwa

Archaeological Museum

This excellent museum comprises of several rooms, each dedicated to a particular theme: the citadel, the outer city, the monastery area (check out the model of the monks' hospital and medical instruments) and Hindu …
Grocery Store in Polonnaruwa


This store is the place to buy snacks and picnic items for a shady spread at some far corner of the archaeological site.
Ruins in Polonnaruwa

Buddha Seema Prasada

The highest building in the Alahana Pirivena group, this was the monastery abbot’s convocation hall. This building features a fine mandapaya (raised platform with decorative pillars).
Monument in Polonnaruwa

King’s Council Chamber

This is where the king’s throne, in the shape of a stone lion, once stood (it's now in Colombo’s National Museum). Inscribed into each column in the chamber is the name of the minister whose seat was once beside it.…
Buddhist Temple in Polonnaruwa

Kiri Vihara

Construction of the dagoba Kiri Vihara is credited to Subhadra, King Parakramabahu’s queen. Originally known as the Rupavati Chetiya, the present name means ‘milk white’ because when the overgrown jungle was cleared…
Buddhist Temple in Polonnaruwa

Pabula Vihara

Also known as the Parakramabahu Vihara, Pabula Vihara is a typical dagoba from the period of Parakramabahu I. This brick stupa is the third-largest dagoba in Polonnaruwa, and set in a woodland clearing.
Buddhist Temple in Polonnaruwa

Rankot Vihara

The 54m Rankot Vihara dagoba, the largest in Polonnaruwa and the fourth largest on the island, has been ascribed to the reign of King Nissanka Malla. Like the other major dagobas in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, the…
Hindu Temple in Polonnaruwa

Shiva Devale No 1

Just south of the Quadrangle, the 13th-century Hindu temple Shiva Devale No 1 displays the Indian influence that returned after Polonnaruwa’s Sinhalese florescence. It is notable for the superb quality of its stonew…