Volunteering possibilities in Spain:
Earthwatch Institute (www.earthwatch.org) Occasionally Spanish conservation projects appear on its program.
Go Abroad (www.goabroad.com) Dozens of different volunteering opportunities in Spain.
Sunseed Desert Technology This UK-run project, developing sustainable ways to live in semi-arid environments, is based in the hamlet of Los Molinos del Río Agua in Almería.
Transitions Abroad (www.transitionsabroad.com) A good website to start your research.
Nationals of EU countries, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Iceland may freely work in Spain. If you are offered a contract, your employer will normally steer you through any bureaucracy.
Virtually everyone else is supposed to obtain a work permit from a Spanish consulate in their country of residence, and if they plan to stay more than 90 days, a residence visa. These procedures are well-nigh impossible unless you have a job contract lined up before you begin them.
You could look for casual work in fruit picking, harvesting or construction, but this is generally done with imported labour from Morocco and Eastern Europe, with pay and conditions that can often best be described as dire.
Translating and interpreting could be an option if you are fluent in Spanish and have a language in demand.
Language-teaching qualifications are a big help when trying to find work as a teacher, and the more reputable places will require TEFL qualifications. Sources of information on possible teaching work – in a school or as a private tutor – include foreign cultural centres such as the British Council and Alliance Française, foreign-language bookshops, universities and language schools. Many have noticeboards where you may find work opportunities or can advertise your own services.
Summer work on the Mediterranean coasts is a possibility, especially if you arrive early in the season and are prepared to stay a while. Check any local press in foreign languages, such as the Costa del Sol’s Sur in English (www.surinenglish.com), which lists ads for waiters, nannies, chefs, babysitters, cleaners and the like.
It is possible to stumble upon work as crew on yachts and cruisers. The best ports at which to look include (in descending order) Palma de Mallorca, Gibraltar and Puerto Banús.
In summer the voyages tend to be restricted to the Mediterranean, but from about November to January, many boats head for the Caribbean. Such work is usually unpaid and about the only way to find it is to ask around on the docks.
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