History

According to myth, one of Hercules' sons founded Ávila. The more prosaic truth credits obscure Iberian tribes, who were later Romanised, then Christianised. For almost 300 years Ávila changed hands between Muslims and Christians, until the fall of Toledo to Alfonso VI in 1085. 'Ávila of the Knights' became an important commercial centre with a well-established noble class, although the 1492 edict expelling all Jews from Spain robbed the city of much of its lifeblood.