Slovenian Place Names & Addresses
Streets in Slovenian towns and cities are well signposted, although the numbering system can be confusing, with odd and even numbers sometimes running on the same sides of streets and squares.
In small towns and villages, streets are often unnamed, with houses simply numbered. Thus Ribčev Laz 13 is house No 13 in the village of Ribčev Laz on Lake Bohinj. As Slovenian villages are frequently made up of one road with houses clustered on or just off it, this is seldom confusing.
In Slovene, places with double-barrelled names such as Novo Mesto (New Town) and Črna Gora (Black Hill) start the second word in lower case (Novo mesto, Črna gora), almost as if the names were Newtown and Blackhill. This is the correct Slovene orthography, but we've opted to go with the English-language way of doing it to avoid confusion.
Slovene frequently uses the possessive (genitive) case in street names. Thus a road named after the poet Ivan Cankar is Cankarjeva ulica and a square honouring France Prešeren is Prešernov trg. Also, when nouns are turned into adjectives they often become unrecognisable. The town is 'Bled', for example, but 'Bled Lake' is Blejsko Jezero. A street leading to a castle (grad) is usually called Grajska ulica. A road going in the direction of Trieste (Trst) is Tržaška cesta, Klagenfurt (Celovec) is Celovska cesta and Vienna (Dunaj) is Dunajska cesta. The words pri, pod and na in place names mean 'at the', 'below the', and 'on the' respectively.