Bratislava Airport, 9km northeast of the city centre, has direct flights to Dubai, Egypt, Ireland, Italy, Germany, Greece, Russia, Spain, various UK cities and more. Vienna International Airport in Austria, 60km away, has the nearest big international air hub. A smaller number of international routes reach Košice and Poprad; the latter's schedules are geared towards ski tourists.
Airports & Airlines
Slovakia has three international airports:
The main airlines operating in Slovakia are:
Austrian Airlines (www.austrian.com) Connects Košice with Vienna.
Czech Airlines (www.csa.cz) Flies from Prague to Bratislava.
LOT (www.lot.com) Flies between Warsaw and Košice.
Ryanair (www.ryanair.com) Connects Bratislava with numerous destinations across the UK and Italy, coastal Spain, Dublin, Paris and Brussels.
Wizz Air (http://wizzair.com) Connects Košice to a few UK airports, Poprad to London Luton and Bratislava to European cities including Kyiv, London Luton, Sofia and Warsaw.
Departure tax is included in the price of a ticket.
Border posts between Slovakia and fellow EU Schengen member states – Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Austria – are almost nonexistent. It's convenient to come in by road, but drivers must buy a vignette, a toll sticker granting access to Slovak highways, at the border (https://eznamka.sk). Checks at the Ukrainian border are more strident, as you will be entering the EU (expect your vehicle to be searched). By bus or car, plan for one to two hours' wait.
Car & Motorcycle
Driving into Slovakia, you'll find fuel and highway vignettes (toll stickers for Slovak highways) readily available to buy near the borders (€10 for 10 days). Non-EU drivers should come armed with an International Driving Permit. Be warned that foreign-registered cars can attract the wrong kind of attention, both from over-zealous police and from scammers. Right-hand-drive cars from the UK will require headlight-beam deflectors.
Private-vehicle requirements for driving in Slovakia are vehicle-registration papers, proof of third-party liability insurance and a nationality sticker. Vehicles must carry a first-aid kit, reflective jacket and warning triangle, and a vignette for highways.
Direct trains operate between Bratislava and Budapest (2¾ hours), Prague (from four hours) and Vienna (from one hour). From Košice, trains travel across the border with Hungary to Budapest (four hours) via Miskolc. Čierna nad Tisou has rail links to/from Ukraine.
Check www.slovakrail.sk for domestic train schedules and https://cp.hnonline.sk for domestic and international routes.
Danube riverboats offer an alternative way to get between Bratislava and Vienna.
It is not possible to travel to Slovakia by sea.