Snow falls and temperatures plummet, creating the wintery Russia of the imagination.
Best time for skiing (although resorts charge higher prices) and visiting museums and galleries.
(May & Oct)
Late spring and early autumn see the country bathed in the fresh greenery or russet shades of the seasons.
Good time for cultural events in cities and major parades on Victory Day (9 May).
Hot weather across most of the country.
Peak season for Russians to go on holiday; all forms of transport should be booked in advance.
Prices can rise in St Petersburg, particularly during White Nights in June and July.