Budget: Less than R1500
- Dorm bed: from R600
- Cheap, filling meal at a cafeteria: less than R400
- Single ride on the metro: R55
- Walking tours, parks and churches: free
- Double room at hostel/mini-hotel: from R2500/3500
- Prix-fixe lunch menu: R400–600
- Two-course dinner with a glass of wine: R800–1000
- Museum admission: R300–700
Top end: More than R8000
- Double room at a hotel: from R8000
- Two-course meal with drinks: from R1000
- Guided tours: from R1500
- Travel by taxi: from R500
Prices are fixed in shops; at souvenir markets, such as Izmaylovsky, polite haggling over prices is expected. You'll get 5% off with little effort, but vendors rarely budge past 10%.
ATMs widely available. Credit cards accepted by most hotels and restaurants.
- Even if prices are listed in US dollars or euros, you will be presented with a final bill in roubles.
- ATMs linked to international networks are all over Moscow – look for signs that say bankomat (банкомат).
- Credit cards are commonly accepted, but Americans may have some difficulty if they do not have a 'chip and pin' credit card. This is more of a problem at shops than at hotels and restaurants.
- Inform your bank or credit-card provider of the dates you’ll be travelling in Russia, to avoid a situation where the card is blocked.
Automatic teller machines (ATMs), linked to international networks such as Amex, Cirrus, Eurocard, MasterCard and Visa, are now common throughout Moscow. Look for signs that say bankomat (БАНКОМАТ). Using a credit or debit card, you can always obtain roubles and often US dollars or euros.
US dollars and euros are now widely accepted at exchange bureaus around Moscow. Other currencies will undoubtedly cause more hassle than they are worth. Whatever currency you bring should be in pristine condition. Banks and exchanges do not accept old, tatty bills with rips or tears. With US dollars, make certain that, besides looking and smelling newly minted, they are of the new design, with the large off-set portrait. Be prepared to show your passport.
Credit cards, especially Visa and MasterCard, are widely accepted at upmarket hotels, as well as restaurants and stores and some hostels. You can also use your credit card to get a cash advance at most major banks in Moscow.
Russian currency is the rouble, written as рубль or abbreviated as руб. There are 100 kopecks (копеек or коп) in the rouble and these come in small coins that are worth one, five, 10 and 50 kopecks. Roubles are issued in coins in amounts of one, two and five roubles. Banknotes come in values of 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 roubles. Small stores, kiosks and many other vendors have difficulty changing large notes, so save those scrappy little ones.
- Guides Around 10% of their daily rate; a small gift will also be appreciated.
- Hotels Only in the most luxurious hotels need you tip bellboys etc, and only if service is good.
- Restaurants Leave small change or 10%, if the service warrants it.
- Taxis No need to tip as the fare is either agreed to before you get in or metered.
For current exchange rates, see www.xe.com.