There are 11 time zones in Russia; the standard time is calculated from Moscow, which is GMT/UTC plus three hours year-round. In 2011, Russia abandoned the summer time switch, so the gap with European neighbours increases by an hour in winter. The following table is based on the summer time.
|Moscow, St Petersburg, Kaliningrad||noon|
|Yekaterinburg & Tyumen||2pm|
|Krasnoyarsk & Tuva||4pm|
|Irkutsk & Ulan-Ude||5pm|
|Vladivostok & Sydney||7pm|
|Paris & Berlin||11am|
|Riga, Kyiv, Helsinki & Minsk||noon|
Right across Russia, timetables for long-distance trains are written according to Moscow time. The only exceptions are those for suburban services that run on local time – but not always, so double-check. Station clocks in most places are also set to Moscow time. We list how far ahead cities and towns are of Moscow time, eg Moscow +5hr, meaning five hours ahead of Moscow.