Puerto Rico is the most accessible island in the Caribbean. San Juan has air service from most major American hubs. There is very limited international service to other airports in Puerto Rico.
Airports & Airlines
There are a few airports on the island that service international flights.
Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (San Juan Airport; www.aeropuertosju.com) This is San Juan's main airport and where almost all flights arrive or depart.
Rafael Hernández Airport (Aguadilla Airport; http://aguadilla.airport-authority.com) Aguadilla's airport receives a few international flights, with several airlines flying to New York, Newark and Orlando from here. Other mainland US destinations are served too, with specific routes changing frequently. A few other Caribbean destinations such as Santo Domingo, St Lucia and Aruba are also served.
Small planes fly to the British Virgin Islands from Isla Grande Airport (Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport), Benjamín Rivera Noriega Airport (Culebra Airport) and Antonio Rivera Rodríguez Airport (Vieques Airport).
Most major destinations in mainland US are served by airlines including American Airlines, United, Delta, Spirit, LATAM, Air Canada, Emirates, Air France, KLM and British Airways. Other direct international routes of interest include London and Oslo (Norwegian), Frankfurt (Condor) plus St Thomas in the US Virgin Islands and Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic (Seabourne Airlines).
There is no departure tax to pay when leaving from an airport in Puerto Rico.
As Puerto Rico is an island surrounded by ocean, it's impossible to get to Puerto Rico by land.
Cruise ship and yacht, plus limited ferry services, constitute your potential passages here by sea.
San Juan is the second-largest port for cruise ships in the western hemisphere (after Miami). Over one million cruise-ship passengers pass through the ports in Old San Juan annually, and all the major cruise-ship lines operate cruises from here.
Following substantial investment, Ponce's Port of the Americas also now has cruises calling.
A ferry service supposedly connects Puerto Rico with the Dominican Republic. America Cruise Ferries was running the large Caribbean Fantasy from Old San Juan to the Don Diego port near Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic, but at the time of research this 13-hour route had problems and was not operating.
- Hopping aboard a yacht destined for the West Indies from North America or Europe is a popular way of getting to Puerto Rico.
- Marinas are located at most major resorts and at principal ports around the Puerto Rican coast. The biggest marinas are at San Juan, Fajardo (east coast), Salinas and Ponce (south coast).
- Upon reaching the island you must clear immigration and customs unless you are coming directly from a US port or the US Virgin Islands.
- There are numerous online clearinghouses for those seeking yacht-crew positions (both experienced and inexperienced), including Crewfinders (www.crewfinders.com) and Yacht Crew Register (www.yachtcrewregister.com).