For the visitor, the main attraction remains the ancient walled Cidadela (citadel), high atop the hill at Bragança’s eastern edge. Walk through the arched gates into this extraordinarily well-preserved medieval quarter, with its tangle of narrow streets, multistorey keep and towering pig pillory, and it’s easy to imagine life in the Middle Ages unfolding around you. The view from the topmost tower – for those brave enough to climb a steep, ancient wooden ladder – is truly astounding.

The city’s main axis road – alternately called Avenida João da Cruz, Rua Almirante Reis, Rua Combatentes da Grande Guerra and Rua Trindade Coelho – winds southeast from the bus station up to the citadel. The town centre is Praça da Sé, the square in front of the old cathedral.