Tick-borne encephalitis is a risk for hikers in forested areas during summer. For more information, see www.tickalert.org.
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Before You Go
There are no speciﬁc vaccinations required for travel to Poland.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that travellers should be covered for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella and polio, as well as hepatitis B, regardless of their destination. Since most vaccines don’t produce immunity until at least two weeks after they’re given, visit a physician at least six weeks before departure.
The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) entitles EU citizens to the same emergency health-care beneﬁts that local citizens receive from their national health care; therefore, most emergency care in Poland will be free for EU citizens. However, transporting you to your home country if you fall ill will not be covered.
Citizens from other countries should ﬁnd out if their personal insurance policy covers them abroad. Doctors expect cash if you do not have a national or European health-insurance card; make sure your insurance plan will reimburse your expenses.
Regardless of whether or not you carry an EHIC card, it's always wise to bring cash, a credit card and a valid passport to any hospital or emergency clinic.
Availability & Cost of Health Care
The level of health care in Poland is high and all cities and large towns will have a hospital offering emergency medical treatment. Costs are reasonable and generally lower than in Western Europe, and much lower than in the US.
Tap water is generally safe to drink, though bottled water is cheap and readily available.