History

The last capital of the Spanish empire in Asia, Iloilo City was surrendered in Plaza Libertad to the Filipino Revolutionary Army in 1898 after Manila had already fallen to invading American forces. The seat of government was temporarily transferred here, as the city's deep-water port had already made it an important centre of trade and commerce with Europe. Only a week later a 3000-strong American force shelled and took the city, thus marking the official beginning of the War of Independence against the US.