Airports & Airlines
Paraguay's Aeropuerto Internacional Silvio Pettirossi is in Luque, a satellite town of Asunción, and is the main international arrival and departure point. The Aeropuerto Guaraní in Ciudad del Este connects Asunción and major Brazilian destinations. All airlines have offices at Silvio Pettirossi.
International airlines flying to/from Asunción:
Aerolíneas Argentinas Serves Buenos Aires only.
Air Europa Serves Madrid four times a week.
Amaszonas Multiple destinations in Brazil and Argentina, plus Santa Cruz (Bolivia).
Avianca Direct flight to Lima Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
Copa Airlines Serves Panama City.
Gol Flies to São Paulo and onward to other Brazilian destinations via Ciudad del Este.
LATAM Flights to Lima, Miami, Buenos Aires, São Paulo and Santiago (Chile).
There is a US$40 airport tax on all departing flights. It is almost always included in the ticket; if it isn't, pay at the desk adjacent to the departure-lounge entrance and get a sticker on your ticket to prove it.
Despite its location at the heart of the continent, Paraguay is often circumvented by travelers. A country almost surrounded by major rivers, many of its land border points involve a bridge crossing with customs offices at either end.
As a member of Mercosur, a trade bloc of southern South American states, Paraguayans don't need to complete customs formalities to cross to Brazil and Argentina. Foreigners do!
Ferries cross into Ciudad del Este and Encarnación from Argentina. With patience, stamina, some negotiation and likely a fair amount of expense, unofficial river travel from Bahía Negra into Brazil or Bolivia is possible. Adventurers may want to try the crossing from colonial Pilar to the one-horse town of Puerto Cano, Argentina.
Negotiating Paraguayan borders can be harrowing; on the bus, off the bus, on the bus…Pay special attention when crossing from Brazil or Argentina. Ask the driver to stop at immigration (locals don't always need to) and be sure your papers are in order. Get your passport stamped on entering the country or face a fine upon leaving.
Stel Turismo runs a daily 8pm service from Asunción to Santa Cruz (Bolivia). The Friday service is in a newer, better bus, and is correspondingly more expensive.
The only functioning train service in Paraguay is the international monorail between Encarnación and Posadas, Argentina.
International arrivals by air inevitably arrive in Asunción. Paraguay's main land or river border crossings are Foz do Iguaçu (Brazil) to Ciudad del Este; Posadas (Argentina) to Encarnación; Clorinda (Argentina) to Asunción; and via the Ruta Trans-Chaco from Bolivia. Minor border crossings include a ferry between Ciudad del Este and Puerto Iguazú (Argentina) and an adventurous boat ride to remote Puerto Cano (Argentina) from Pilar. There are no charges at any Paraguayan land or river border crossings.
Paraguay is a landlocked country, so there is no access by sea.