No expedition will take in all the peri-Antarctic Islands. Voyages from Australia, New Zealand or South Africa often stop at Macquarie Island or Heard Island and New Zealand’s sub-Antarctic islands. Resupply vessels visiting Îles Kerguelen, Îles Crozet, Île Amsterdam and Île St Paul take tourists.
Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island are usually visited on ‘repositioning’ cruises, en route to/from the northern hemisphere. Landings on any of the 11 seldom-visited volcanic South Sandwich Islands are extremely difficult, except by helicopter. Bouvetøya, Peter I Øy and Scott Island are visited only rarely.