Travel in Scandinavia presents very few health problems. The level of hygiene is high and there are no endemic diseases.
The extreme winter climate poses a risk; you must be aware of hypothermia and frostbite. In summer, biting insects such as mosquitoes, are more of an annoyance than a real health risk.
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Before You Go
Citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA) are covered for emergency medical treatment in other EEA countries (including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) on presentation of a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). However they may be liable to pay a daily or per-appointment fee as a local would. Enquire about EHICs at your health centre, travel agency or (in some countries) post office well in advance of travel.
Citizens from countries outside the EEA should find out if there is a reciprocal arrangement for free medical care between their country and the country visited. If not, travel health insurance is recommended.
Not specifically required for visitors to Scandinavia.