Air

North Macedonia is a small country and there is no domestic flight network.

Bicycle

  • Helmets are not compulsory in North Macedonia but always advisable.
  • Bicycle lanes are only present in big towns such as Skopje and Bitola.
  • It is illegal to cycle on motorways, though locals may tell you otherwise.
  • The website www.bicycle.mk is a good source of information for cycling in North Macedonia.

Boat

North Macedonia has no passenger ferries across its lakes; some smaller boats can take visitors around Lake Ohrid but there are no regular drop-off services.

Bus

  • Skopje serves most domestic destinations.
  • Larger buses are new and air-conditioned; kombis (minibuses) are usually not.
  • During summer, pre-book for Ohrid.
  • Sunday is often the busiest day for intercity bus travel among locals, so book ahead if you can.

Car & Motorcycle

There are occasional police checkpoints; make sure you have the correct documentation. Call 196 for roadside assistance.

Automobile Associations

AMSM offers road assistance, towing and information (in German, English and Macedonian), with branches nationwide.

Driver's Licence

Your national driver's licence is fine, though an International Driving Permit is best.

Fuel & Spare Parts

  • Petrol stations are omnipresent except in very rural areas.
  • Unleaded and regular petrol cost about 69MKD per litre, while diesel is around 64.50MKD.

Car Hire

  • Skopje's rental agencies include international biggies and local companies. Ohrid has many options, other cities have fewer.
  • Economy cars (small) average €25 a day, including basic insurance, but you can negotiate down to €20 to €21 a day if you're renting for one to two weeks.
  • Bring your passport, driver's licence and credit card.
  • Some agencies will even drop the car off at your hotel door (ask!).
  • Note that it's virtually impossible to hire a car with automatic transmission in North Macedonia: manual-only here.

Insurance

Rental agencies provide basic insurance as standard with vehicle hire (the nonwaivable excess is normally €1000 to €2500). Green Card insurance is accepted, and third-party insurance is compulsory.

Road Rules

  • Drive on the right.
  • Speed limits are 120km/h on motorways, 80km/h for open road and 50km/h to 60km/h in towns. Speeding fines start from 1500MKD.
  • Seatbelt and headlight use is compulsory (yes – headlights even during the day).
  • Drivers will be fined if caught using mobile phones while driving.
  • Police also fine for drink driving (blood alcohol limit 0.05%). Fines are payable immediately.

Toll Roads

Motorway toll points are common in the north of North Macedonia on roads leading from and to Skopje. The toll is usually between 30MKD and 60MKD and cheaper if you pay in denars (you can also pay in euros). Tolls can be paid in cash or by credit card.

Taxi

Taxis are relatively inexpensive, except for some journeys around Ohrid. Fares generally cost 40MKD for the first kilometre, 25MKD per subsequent kilometre. Make sure the driver switches on their meter.

Although police crackdowns have reduced the practice, some drivers will still vozi za bilet (drive for the price of a bus ticket) when four passengers are gathered – this is particularly common on the route between Bitola and Ohrid.

Otherwise, intercity taxis are expensive if travelling alone but can sometimes work out preferably for international travel, for example on the Skopje to Pristina (Kosovo) route.

Train

Domestic trains are reliable but slow. From Skopje, one train line runs to Negotino and another to Bitola via Veles and Prilep. A smaller line runs Skopje–Kičevo. Ohrid does not have a train station.