Internal flights are a quick way of getting around Nigeria. Flights start at around N20,000. Most cities are linked by air to Lagos.
The most reliable domestic airline with the best connections is Arik Air.
Cycling is not a common form of transport in Nigeria, and roads are rutted and often extremely muddy. This combined with high humidity is likely to make cycling an extreme slog. You will certainly get lots of attention and help if you need it. Try local garages for repairs – there are no dedicated facilities.
There are boat trips and cruises around Lagos and on the river in Calabar in the far east of the country.
Each town has at least one motor park serving as the main transport depot full of minibuses and bush taxis.
Vehicles have signs on their roofs showing their destination, while touts shout out destinations. Minibuses don't run on any schedule but depart when full.
Car & Motorcycle
Nigeria's road system veers unpredictably between good and appalling. Accident rates are high, the only real road rule is survival of the fittest and road signage is minimal.
Foreigners driving in Nigeria shouldn't get too much hassle at roadblocks, particularly if your vehicle has foreign plates. If you get asked for dash, a smile and some patience will often defuse the request. It's a legal requirement to wear a seatbelt; not doing so leaves you open to both official and 'unofficial' fines. Petrol stations are everywhere, but fuel shortages are common, causing huge queues and worsening the already terrible traffic. Diesel can sometimes be hard to come by, so keep your tank topped up.
Hiring a good local driver takes a lot of the stress out of car transport: it will cost around N80,000 per day. Ask at your hotel for suggestions.
Bush taxis cost about 25% more than buses though true pricing is nearly impossible to ascertain.
The quickest way to get around town is on the back of a motorcycle-taxi called an okada (achaba in the north). Because of their general lawlessness, the government has banned okada in a few of the major cities, badly affecting traffic and driving up the prices with drivers who are willing to flout the law.
The national railway service is slowly being rehabilitated; there is now a Chinese-funded rail line between Abuja and Kaduna and plans for new services in the future.