Travellers in the US have 24 new national historic landmarks to visit, after the Department of the Interior announced new sites in an effort to ‘tell a more inclusive and diverse story of America’s history’.
The National Historic Landmarks Program, run by the National Parks Service, recognizes historic properties and promotes their conservation. The new spots are intended to focus on aspects of American history like activism, architecture, music and religious observance, according to a statement from the department.
Spread throughout the country, the landmarks include important historical spots like the Medgar and Myrlie Evers House in Jackson, Mississippi. Medgar Evers was murdered there in 1963, and the assassination is considered one of the catalysts for the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
— US Dept of Interior (@Interior) January 11, 2017
In Kansas City, the Wyandotte National Burying Ground (Eliza Burton Conley Burial Site) was added to the list of national landmarks, as it ‘serves as tangible evidence of the consequences of federal American Indian removal policy to a tribal population and its identity during the nineteenth century’.
To memorialise the 4 May 1970 Kent State shootings in Kent, Ohio, the site where the Ohio National Guard shot and killed four Kent State University students and wounded nine has been added to the register. The students were killed during a protest on the campus and the event affected public opinion of the Vietnam War, increased protest against it, and led to changes in military policy for civil disturbances, particularly for the National Guard.
The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in New York City was also added to the list, as it ‘represents the idea of the African Diaspora, a revolutionizing model for studying the history and culture of people of African descent that used a global, transnational perspective’.
In recognition of community activism, Chicano Park in San Diego, California was named a landmark. Back in 1970, residents occupied the park to prevent the construction of a California Highway Patrol substation on land where the City of San Diego had promised the neighborhood a community park. The site is a cultural and recreational gathering place that has become representative of the Chicano Civil Rights Movement.
Also added to the list was: Greenhills Historic District in Greenhills, Ohio; Casa José Antonio Navarro in San Antonio, Texas; the Neutra Studio and Residences (VDL Research House) in Los Angeles, California; the Keim Homestead in Oley, Pennsylvania;, Schifferstadt in Frederick, Maryland; New York State Barge Canal; the Kimball Village Site (13PM4) in Plymouth county, Iowa; Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission Chapel (McDonnell Hall) in San Jose, California; the Painted Desert Community Complex in Apache County, Arizona; the W. A. Young & Sons Foundry and Machine Shop in Rices Landing, Pennsylvania; the Davis-Ferris Organ in New York City; the Pauli Murray Family Home in Durham, North Carolina; the Eldean Bridge in Miami County, Ohio; the West Union Bridge in Parke County, Indiana; Omaha Union Station in Omaha Nebraska; the George Read II House in Philadelphia; the Biesterfeldt Site in Ransom County, North Dakota; the Walrus Islands Archeological District near Togiak, Alaska; and 48GO305, commonly referenced in archaeological literature as “Hell Gap Paleoindian Site,” located in Goshen County, Wyoming. Learn more about each site here.
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