History

Known to the British as Moulmein, Mawlamyine served as the first capital of British Burma from 1826 to 1852, during which time it developed as a major teak port and saw an influx of immigrants from India. A fair amount of coastal shipping still goes on, although Yangon (Rangoon) has long superseded Mawlamyine as Myanmar’s most important port. The city is composed roughly of 75% Mon, plus Kayin (Karen), Bamar, Indian, Chinese and other ethnic groups.