6,756,390 sq km


Bahrain: Bahraini dinar (BD)

Egypt: Egyptian pound (LE)

Iran: Iranian rial (IR)

Iraq: Iraqi dinar (ID)

Israel: new Israeli shekel (NIS)

Kuwait: Kuwaiti dinar (KD)

Jordan: Jordanian dinar (JD)

Lebanon: Lebanese lira (LL)

Oman: Omani rial (OR)

Qatar: Qatari riyal (QR)

Saudi Arabia: Saudi riyal (SR)

Syria: Syrian pound (S£)

Turkey: Turkish lira (₺)

United Arab Emirates: UAE dirham (Dhs)

Yemen: Yemeni rial

If the Middle East Were 100 People

  • 52 would be Arab
  • 21 would be Persian
  • 18 would be Turkish
  • 7 would be Kurdish
  • 1 would be Jewish
  • 1 would be other

Language Spoken

Arabic, Farsi, Hebrew and Turkish; English and French widely spoken.

Percentage: Belief Systems

  • Muslim 97
  • Christian 2
  • Jewish 1



Population per Sq Km

  • Middle East average: 81
  • Egypt: 95
  • Israel: 404
  • Turkey: 102
  • Arabian Peninsula average, excluding Bahrain: 86
  • Bahrain: 1898


Most countries in the region are GMT/UTC plus two hours, except Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Yemen (GMT/UTC plus three hours) and Iran (GMT/UTC plus 3½ hours); Oman and UAE are GMT/UTC plus four hours. Daylight-saving hours are in place from around April to September, except for Turkey, Egypt and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula.