4,183,436 sq km


Bahrain: Bahraini dinar (BD)

Egypt: Egyptian pound (LE)

Iran: Iranian rial (IR)

Iraq: Iraqi dinar (ID)

Israel: new Israeli shekel (NIS)

Kuwait: Kuwaiti dinar (KD)

Jordan: Jordanian dinar (JD)

Lebanon: Lebanese lira (LL)

Oman: Omani rial (OR)

Qatar: Qatari riyal (QR)

Saudi Arabia: Saudi riyal (SR)

Syria: Syrian pound (S£)

Turkey: Turkish lira (₺)

United Arab Emirates: UAE dirham (Dhs)

Yemen: Yemeni rial

If the Middle East Were 100 People

  • 48 would be Arab
  • 22 would be Persian
  • 19 would be Turkish
  • 8 would be Kurdish
  • 2 would be Jewish
  • 1 would be other

Language Spoken

Arabic, Farsi, Hebrew and Turkish; English and French widely spoken.

Percentage: Belief Systems

  • Muslim 96
  • Christian 2
  • Jewish 2


340.13 million

Population per Sq Km

  • Middle East average: 81
  • Egypt: 95
  • Israel: 404
  • Turkey: 102


All countries in the region are GMT/UTC plus two hours, except Iraq (GMT/UTC plus three hours) and Iran (GMT/UTC plus 3½ hours). All countries operate on daylight-saving hours from around April to September, except for Turkey and Egypt.