History

It was originally thought that El Tajín (the name is Totonac for ‘thunder,’ ‘lightning’ or ‘hurricane’) was settled in three phases between BC 100 and AD 1200, but the most recent research suggests that it reached its zenith as a city and ceremonial center between AD 800 and 900. Around 1200 the site was abandoned, possibly after a fire and attacks by Chichimecs. Quickly engulfed by the jungle, it lay unknown to the Spanish until 1785.