Air Madagascar flies from Fort Dauphin to Antananarivo (from €245, two hours, daily) and Tuléar (€479, one hour, weekly). These are ridiculously high fares, which may be cheaper to purchase in-country.
Fort Dauphin’s taxi-brousse station is in Tanambao, in the northwestern part of town, along the road leading to the airport.
Although taxis-brousses connect Fort Dauphin with Ihosy (and beyond) along the RN7, we recommend against travelling this route for security reasons. Between Ambovombe and Ihosy, most taxis-brousses travel in convoy, but that doesn't eliminate the risk entirely and we recommend against overnight stops along this section. The roads are also appalling and facilities almost non-existent.
Safer destinations include Ambovombe (Ar12,000, three to four hours) and the daily camion-brousse to Tuléar (Ar45,000, two to three days).
Unless you fly in, it's a very difficult journey to/from Fort Dauphin. The shortest route, from Ihosy on the RN7 to Ambovombe was considered unsafe at the time of research, due to the very real and not-to-be-underestimated threat of banditry, especially after dark.
The two possible approaches require a 4WD and you should take plenty of back-up food and water (especially along the coast):
- From Itampolo to Ambovombe via Ampanihy. It's a long journey on rough tracks and should take two days from Itampolo, or three from Tuléar.
- Along Madagascar's east coast from Vaingaindrano, with numerous ferry crossings and still a long road to civilisation from there. Count on two to three days.