Thaba-Bosiu is regarded as the birthplace of the Basotho nation and, although an unassuming spot, is Lesotho’s most important historical site. This famed and flat-topped 'Mountain at Night', about 25km east of Maseru, is where King Moshoeshoe the Great established his mountain stronghold in 1824.
The origins of Thaba-Bosiu's name are unclear and numerous versions exist. The most interesting is that, to intimidate enemies, magic herbs were placed on a rope, which was wrapped around the mountain. When intruders crossed the rope at night, they were overcome with the drugged sensation that Thaba-Bosiu was ‘growing’ and it was thus an unconquerable mountain.