Lesotho is a supreme destination for lovers of rugged outdoor adventure. The mountains offer endless opportunities to explore on foot or on a Basotho pony. You'll find guides and maps available at the main lodges. Lesotho is also excellent 4WD country, though you need to be experienced and come well equipped.

Pony Trekking

Pony trekking is one of Lesotho’s top drawcards. It’s done on sure-footed Basotho ponies, the result of crossbreeding between short Javanese horses and European full mounts. Good places to organise treks include Malealea Lodge, Semonkong Lodge, Ts’ehlanyane National Park and Likatola Horse Riding & Adventure.

Advance booking is recommended and no prior riding experience is necessary. Whatever your experience level, expect to be sore after a day in the saddle. For overnight treks, you’ll normally need to bring food (stock up in Maseru), a sleeping bag, a torch (flashlight), water-purification tablets and warm, waterproof clothing. Check Malealea's website for more on the provisions and preparation required.

Fishing

Lesotho is an insider's tip among trout anglers. As in South Africa, the season runs from September to May. There is a small licence fee of M10 and a bag limit of 12 trout over 25cm in length. Only rod and line and artificial nonspinning flies may be used.

The nearest fishing area to Maseru is the Makhaleng River, about 60km east of Maseru at the foot of God Help Me Pass. You can also access the river from Ramabanta and Malealea.

Hiking

  • The entire country is ideal for hiking, away from major towns.
  • The eastern highlands and the Drakensberg crown attract serious hikers.
  • There are few organised hiking trails – mostly footpaths.
  • You can walk almost everywhere, accompanied by a compass and the relevant topographical maps, though hiking alone is not advised (particularly for women).
  • In all areas, especially the remote eastern highlands, rugged conditions can make walking dangerous if you aren't experienced and prepared. Temperatures can plummet to zero even in summer and thunderstorms and thick fog are common.
  • Waterproof gear and warm clothes are essential.
  • In summer, rivers flood and fords can become dangerous; be prepared to change your route or wait until the river subsides.
  • By the end of the dry season, good water can be scarce, especially in higher areas.
  • Consider hiring a local guide where possible.