Lake Turkana, the world’s largest permanent desert lake, has a shoreline that’s longer than Kenya’s entire Indian Ocean coast.
The lake’s water level was over 100m higher some 10,000 years ago and used to feed the mighty Nile. Environmentalists have claimed that the Gibe 3 Dam in Ethiopia has caused the lake's water level to drop 1.5m and some shores have receded by almost 2km.
The first Europeans to reach the lake were Austrian explorers Teleki and von Höhnel in 1888. They proudly named it Lake Rudolf, after the Austrian Crown Prince at the time. It wasn’t until the 1970s that the Kiswahili name Turkana was adopted.