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Before You Go
If you're bringing prescription drugs to Kazakhstan, make sure to bring a copy of each prescription and a letter from your physician.
There are no required vaccinations for entering Kazakhstan, but Hepatitis A and Tetanus are advisable and Hepatitis B, Rabies, Tick-Borne Encephalitis and Typhoid are worth considering. If coming from a country at risk from yellow fever, you must bring a yellow fever vaccination certificate.
It's advisable to travel to Kazakhstan with comprehensive health insurance.
Availability & Cost of Healthcare
The quality of health care in hospitals across Kazakhstan is variable. State-owned, public hospitals are woefully underfunded. There are also pricey private hospitals and clinics, particularly in Astana and Almaty, with English-speaking doctors and a good standard of medical care, though for anything particularly serious it's best to be airlifted to Europe. If you call an ambulance, odds are that the operator won't speak English, and it may be faster to just take a taxi to the nearest hospital. Pharmacies are easy to come by but some over-the-counter medications common in other countries may not be easily available.
In general, tap water is not safe to drink in Kazakhstan. Some locals do, or have filters attached to their taps, but it's best to err on the side of caution and either boil the water or buy bottled water.
In Kazakhstan there are areas of high altitude (over 2400m) and very high altitude (over 3600m). If hiking or skiing in the mountains, there is a small risk of developing Acute Mountain Sickness, so if you feel unwell, descend immediately.