This is the capital's premier venue for traditional performing arts with 1600-seat and 590-seat auditoriums. Performances include kabuki (a form of stylised Japanese theatre), gagaku (music of the imperial court) and bunraku (classic puppet theatre). Earphones with English translation are available for hire (¥700, plus ¥1000 deposit). Check the website for performance schedules.
To the rear of the main building is the Traditional Performing Arts Information Centre (10am to 6pm; admission free) where you can see exhibitions that include videos of performances.