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Italy has a public health system that is legally bound to provide emergency care to everyone. EU nationals are entitled to reduced-cost, sometimes free, medical care with a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), available from your home health authority; non-EU citizens should take out medical insurance.
For emergency treatment, you can go to the pronto soccorso (casualty) section of an ospedale (public hospital). For less serious ailments call the Guardia Medica Turistica.
To arrange a (paid) home visit by a private doctor call the International Medical Centre.
If you need an ambulance, call 118.
Marked by a green cross, farmacie (pharmacies) open from 8.30am to 1pm and 4pm to 7.30pm Monday to Friday and on Saturday mornings. Outside these hours they open on a rotational basis, and all are legally required to post a list of places open in the vicinity.
If you think you’ll need a prescription while in Rome, make sure you know the drug’s generic name rather than the brand name. Regular medications available over the counter – such as antihistamines or paracetamol – tend to be expensive in Italy.
Before You Go
Non-EU nationals should take out medical insurance before travelling to Rome.
It's also worth finding out if there is a reciprocal arrangement between your country and Italy. If there is, you may be covered for essential medical treatment and some subsidised medications while in Italy.
No jabs are required to travel to Italy.
Tap water is safe to drink in Rome.