Museums & Galleries

Vatican Museums This vast museum complex's historic collection of classical art culminates in the Sistine Chapel.

Museo e Galleria Borghese Boasts the best baroque sculpture in town and some seriously good Old Masters.

Museo Nazionale Romano: Palazzo Massimo alle Terme Fabulous Roman frescoes and wall mosaics headline at this overlooked gem.

Capitoline Museums The world’s oldest public museums are a must for anyone interested in ancient sculpture.

Galleria Doria Pamphilj This lavish private gallery is full of major works by big-name Italian and Flemish artists.

Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica: Palazzo Barberini A baroque palace laden with paintings by giants such as Caravaggio, Raphael and Hans Holbein.

Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia A lovely museum housing a wonderful collection of Etruscan art and artefacts.

Roman Relics

Colosseum Rome’s great gladiatorial amphitheatre encapsulates all the blood and thunder of ancient Rome.

Pantheon With its revolutionary design, this awe-inspiring temple has served as an architectural blueprint for millennia.

Palatino Ancient emperors lived on the Palatino, the oldest and most exclusive part of imperial Rome.

Terme di Caracalla The hulking remains of this baths complex hint at the colossal scale of the ancient city.

Roman Forum This was ancient Rome's bustling centre full of temples, basilicas, shops and streets.

Domus Aurea Nero's sprawling Golden House was extravagant even by ancient Roman standards.

Via Appia Antica March down Rome's oldest road, built in the 4th century BC, en route to the catacombs.

Church Art

Sistine Chapel Michelangelo’s frescoes are among the world's most famous works of art.

St Peter’s Basilica Marvel at Michelangelo's Pietà and many other celebrated masterpieces.

Chiesa di San Luigi dei Francesi An ornate baroque church boasting a trio of Caravaggio paintings.

Basilica di Santa Maria del Popolo Works by Caravaggio, Raphael and Bernini adorn this magnificent Renaissance church.

Basilica di San Pietro in Vincoli Face up to Michelangelo's muscular Moses scuplture.

Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere An ancient basilica celebrated for its golden apse mosaics.

Basilica di Santa Prassede An off-the-radar gem with some of the city's finest Byzantine mosaics.

Going Underground

Basilica di San Clemente Descend into the bowels of this multilayered basilica to discover a pagan temple and 1st-century house.

Vatican Grottoes Extending beneath St Peter’s Basilica, these underground chambers contain the tombs of several popes.

Catacombs Via Appia Antica is riddled with catacombs where the early Christians buried their dead.

Palazzo Valentini A multimedia display brings excavated ruins to life beneath a stately 16th-century mansion.

Case Romane Poke around the houses where two Roman martyrs lived before they were executed.

Tomb of St Peter Guided tours take you beneath St Peter's Basilica to what many claim is St Peter's tomb.

Street Life

Trastevere Students, tourists, locals, diners, drinkers, junkies and street-hawkers mingle on Trastevere’s vivacious streets.

Spanish Steps Find a space and settle back to watch the ever-changing spectacle on the square below.

Piazza Navona This beautiful baroque arena provides the stage for a colourful cast of street artists, performers, waiters and tourists.

Pigneto With its noisy market and vibrant bar scene, this hip district is always lively.

Campo de’ Fiori Market-stall holders holler at each other during the day and student drinkers strut their stuff by night.

Porta Portese Market Crowds take to the streets each Sunday to explore the stalls at Rome's weekly flea market.

Sweeping Views

Vittoriano Not recommended for vertigo sufferers, the summit of this marble monolith towers over the rest of Rome.

Gianicolo Hill Rising above Trastevere, the Gianicolo Hill affords sweeping panoramas over Rome’s rooftops.

Orti Farnesiani A viewing terrace in the Palatino’s medieval gardens commands grandstand views over the Roman Forum.

St Peter’s Basilica Climb the dome and you’re rewarded with huge 360-degree views.

Parco Savello Bask in memorable sunset views from this romantic garden on the Aventino hill.

Castel Sant'Angelo Rome spreads out before you from the panoramic terrace of this operatic castle.

Free Stuff

Pantheon A tour de force of ancient engineering capped by a soaring concrete dome.

St Peter’s Basilica Italy’s largest, richest and most spectacular church – and that's saying something!

Trevi Fountain Compulsory photo and coin-throwing stop.

Campo de’ Fiori A medieval piazza filled with market stalls and ring-side cafes.

Colonna di Marco Aurelio The etchings on this towering column commemorate Roman military victories.

Via Appia Antica The Appian Way leads to dozens of ancient sites, including several creepy burial catacombs.

Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano This majestic basilica is as stunning as it is historically important.

Largo di Torre Argentina A sunken square of ancient ruins where Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC.

Villa Borghese Stroll through the Villa Borghese’s shady paths and manicured gardens.