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Before You Go
If you're an EU citizen (or from Switzerland, Norway or Iceland), a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) covers you for most medical care in public hospitals free of charge, but not for emergency repatriation home or non-emergencies. Citizens from other countries should find out if there is a reciprocal arrangement for free medical care between their country and Italy (Australia, for instance, has such an agreement; carry your Medicare card).
If you do need health insurance, make sure you get a policy that covers you for the worst possible scenario, such as an accident requiring an emergency flight home. Find out in advance if your insurance plan will make payments directly to providers or reimburse you later for overseas health expenditures.
No jabs are required to travel to Italy. The World Health Organization (WHO), however, recommends that all travellers should be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, measles, mumps, rubella, polio and hepatitis B.
Tap water in Naples is safe to drink, although many Neapolitans prefer to buy bottled water.