Join your expert guide in these 2 hours Guided Tour Of Parco della Murgia Materana and Rock Churches.The vast Murgia plateau that faces the Sassi of Matera is the "Regional Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera" since 2007 also declared World Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. It is a vast rocky hill area marked by deep karstic fissures called "Gravine"; During this historical-naturalistic walk the visitor can walk, through the narration of the guide, the man's journey starting from the settlements of the Paleolithic, to the entrenched villages of the Neolithic of "Murgia Timone", from the medieval pastoral communities to the rock settlements of the eremitic communities Greek-Byzantine that founded on this plateau have founded cenobes, graduations and Rupestrian Churches where the impervious and silent nature could approach the essence of the divine.
Archaeological Historical-Natural Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera, also called Parco della Murgia Materana, is a regional park of Basilicata. Since 2007, the definition of Sassi di Matera in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites has expanded to include Sassi and the Park of the Rupester Churches of Matera.The Park, located between the towns of Matera and Montescaglioso in Basilicata, is characterized by a soft rock called "limestone," which played an essential role in the forms assumed by the landscape, drawing cliffs, gorges and caves. Just a few kilometers away from the border of Puglia, Murgia Park has 150 rock churches, different in architecture and iconography, made mostly in the Middle Ages. What's most surprising is that despite being born as places of worship, the churches have, over time, also been used as homes or places of shelter for animals.These churches now represent an important evidence of human presence, in particular relation to the Benedictine monks, Lombards and Byzantines. The Murgia plateau acts as a natural backdrop to this scenario, with many rock churches scattered along the slopes of ravines, protected by the institution of the Park Archeologico of the Rock Churches of Matera, also called Parco della Murgia Materana.The Park is very charming, engulfed by ravines with cultivated areas and some survival of the ancient Mediterranean culture. There are also fortified farms, as well as lively and fascinating paths carved into the rock to collect water in cisterns, wells and water troughs—all evidence of the centuries-old agro-pastoral development.You will walk on a paleosol of prehistoric fossil-rich rangoli that transports visitors on a journey through time and space. Return to the original departure point to the Piazza Vittorio Veneto where you can enjoy tasting of local products at your own expense.