The region is a safe place generally.
- The usual street-smart rules apply in Florence, Siena and other key urban hubs: avoid wandering around town alone late at night; stick to main roads rather than narrow back alleys.
- Watch out for pickpockets in heavily touristed zones such as around Florence's Piazza del Duomo and Ponte Vecchio, Piazza dei Miracoli in Pisa and Piazza del Duomo in Siena.
- Keep alert on crowded buses to/from Florence and Pisa airports.
- Rural Tuscany is, well, rural: horseflies, mosquitoes and various other pesky insects come out in their droves in the height of summer. Bring repellent and/or cover up.
Limited Traffic Zones
Many towns and cities (Florence, Siena and Lucca included) have a ZLT (Zona a Traffico Limitato; Limited Traffic Zone) that is off-limits to motorised traffic, making driving in these cities highly inconvenient. For your own sanity, dump your car in an out-of-town car park and walk.
Street hawkers flogging everything from bottles of water, sunglasses and cheap knock-off handbags to phone covers, mobile power banks and selfie sticks (now banned for good reason in most museums) can be extremely annoying in Florence, Pisa and other tourist-busy towns. Don't be intimidated: simply say 'no' politely and move on.
Standing in queues to get into major sights and museums is highly irritating (bring an umbrella or sun parasol to avoid melting in the midday sun): plan ahead and book admission tickets online where possible.