Friuli Venezia Giulia enjoys a top-class public transport system, which can get you almost anywhere in the province. However, to explore the Collio vineyards, the San Daniele countryside and the mountain valleys of Carnia and the Giulie Alps you'll need your own car.
The main motorways, on which tolls apply, are the A4/E70 Venice–Trieste, the A23/E55 Palmanova–Udine–Tarvisio and the A28 spur road which heads to Pordenone. With the exception of the Venice–Trieste route, traffic is fairly light and almost non-existent when you get on country roads.
Friuli Venezia Giulia is perfect cycling country, so much so that the Giro d'Italia often runs routes through the region's jaw-droppingly beautiful mountains. While serious cyclists might prefer to stick to challenging mountain routes, families will be equally happy with the long, flat coastal trails around Grado. For something in between, opt for pedalling through the vineyards of the Collio or through the undulating countryside around San Daniele del Friuli, which travels alongside the gorgeous Tagliamento River.
Between May and August bus operators APT and SAF run a BiciBus programme, putting on special bike-friendly coaches each weekend. These buses can transport up to 45 bikes for free along two routes: Udine–Palmanova–Aquileia–Grado and Lignano–Latisana–San Giorgio–Cerignano–Aquileia–Grado. The routes enable cyclists to easily connect with the transnational Alpe Adria Trail.
APT Operates buses from Trieste Airport to Trieste, Grado, Udine, Gorizia and, in summer, the beach resort of Lignano.
SAF Offers frequent bus services from Udine to Grado (€4.90, 1¼ hours), Palmanova (€3.40, 30 minutes) and Tolmezzo (€5.90, 50 minutes). Buses also link Udine and Friuli Venezia Giulia airport (€4.90, one hour, hourly).
All of Friuli's major cities, including Trieste, Udine, Gorizia, Pordenone and Tarvisio, are connected by Trenitalia trains on the national rail line.
The exceptions are the island of Grado (which is served by shuttle buses from the Cervignano-Aquileia-Grado train station in Cervignano) and the eastern valleys of the Carnia, which rely on the small stations at Gemona del Friuli and Carnia.
Fondazione FS Italiane A delightful mode of transport is the FS Italiane vintage trains that trundle through some of Friuli’s most scenic countryside. Many of them are original steam trains, driven by the few operators who still remember how to drive these temperamental beasts. Highlight routes are the Barcolana Express from Udine to Trieste, the service from Sacile to Gemona and the line between Trieste and Cormons, which passes through the Collio vineyards.