The Parco Nazionale Parco Archipelgo Office in Portoferraio can advise on Elba's many walking trails, biking paths and other outdoor activities. There are also offices in Marciana and Rio d'Elba.

Given its crystal-clear waters, diving and snorkelling are big on Elba between June and September. Otherwise, explore the island's sea-locked beaches and coves by motor boat, kayak or yacht.

Feature: Biking & Hiking on Elba

A dizzying network of walking and mountain-biking trails blankets Elba. Many start in Portoferraio, but some of the best, far-flung trailheads kick off elsewhere.

Monte Capanne Circular A three-hour, 20km adventure on the slopes of Elba’s highest mountain, which sees you cycling on paved and unpaved routes past scented maquis and pines. Total climb: 540m.

Marciana to Chiessi A 12km (six-hour) hike starts high up in Marciana and dribbles downhill past ancient churches, sea vistas and granite boulders to the seaside in Chiessi.

The Great Elba Crossing This three- to four-day, 60km east–west island crossing includes Monte Capanne, Elba's highest point (1018m), before overnighting on the coast (camping isn't allowed beside paths). The highlight is the final 19km leg from Poggio to Pomonte, passing the Santuario della Madonna del Monte and the Masso dell'Aquila rock formation.