Campania in detail

Getting Around

Transport in the region is reasonably priced and relatively reliable in the main tourist areas.

Metro Line 1 connects Napoli Centrale (Garibaldi) to the ferry terminals (Municipio). Both lines skirt the city's centro storico (historic centre). Line 2 connects Naples to Pozzuoli in the Campi Flegrei.

Train Good for getting from Naples to Ercolano (Herculaneum), Pompeii, Sorrento, Salerno, Caserta and parts of the Campi Flegrei.

Bus Handy for travel along the Amalfi Coast and around Capri and Ischia. Some services reach sights in the Campi Flegrei. Others connect Naples to the Cilento.

Car Useful for reaching remote areas of the Cilento. Inadvisable in Naples year-round and along the Amalfi Coast in summer.

Air

There are no internal commercial flights within Campania.

Bicycle

Cycling is a dangerous option in Naples – a city where all road rules are seemingly disregarded. Most drivers speed, chat on their mobile phones and ignore traffic lights. Bicycle and motorcycle theft is rife.

Bicycle hire is costly in Naples (from €20 per day), so if you are staying for some time and are dead-set on taking to the saddle, it may be cheaper to buy a bike. Taking your bicycle to the Amalfi Coast is also a fraught option: think blind corners and sheer, precipitous drops.

Boat

Naples, the bay islands and the Amalfi Coast are served by a comprehensive ferry network. Catch fast ferries and hydrofoils for Capri, Sorrento, Ischia (both Ischia Porto and Forio) and Procida from Molo Beverello in front of Castel Nuovo; hydrofoils for Capri, Ischia and Procida also sail from Mergellina.

Ferries for Sicily and Sardinia sail from Molo Angioino (right beside Molo Beverello) and neighbouring Calata Porta di Massa. Slow ferries to Ischia and Procida also depart from Calata Porta di Massa. SNAV ferries for the Aeolian Islands depart from Mergellina.

Fares are for a one-way, high-season deck-class single, unless otherwise stated. Services are pared back considerably in winter, and adverse sea conditions may affect schedules.

Alicost

Alilauro

Caremar

Medmar

Navigazione Libera del Golfo

Siremar

Tirrenia

TraVelMar

Ferries

Tickets for shorter journeys can be bought at the ticket booths on Molo Beverello and at Mergellina. For longer journeys, try the offices of the ferry companies or a travel agent.

Destination (from Naples)Ferry companyPrice (€)Duration (hr)Frequency (high season)
Aeolian IslandsSNAV (Jun-early Sep only)from 654½-6½1-2 daily
Aeolian IslandsSiremarfrom 5813¾2 weekly
Cagliari (Sardinia)Tirreniafrom 4414½2 weekly
CapriCaremarfrom 12.5080 min7 daily
IschiaCaremar12.5080 min8 daily
IschiaMedmar13.506 daily
Milazzo (Sicily)Siremarfrom 5816¼-18¼2 weekly
Palermo (Sicily)SNAVfrom 4010¼1-2 daily
Palermo (Sicily)Tirreniafrom 4110¼1 daily
Pontine IslandsSNAV (Jul-early Sep only)from 2234 weekly
ProcidaCaremar10.5017 daily

Hydrofoils & High-Speed Ferries

Destination (from Naples' Molo Beverello)Ferry companyPrice (€)Duration (min)Daily frequency (high season)
CapriCaremar18604
CapriNavigazione Libera del Golfofrom 20.50459
CapriSNAV22.50459
IschiaCaremar18556
IschiaAlilaurofrom 196010
Ischia (Casamicciola)SNAVfrom 20608
ProcidaCaremar14.50408
ProcidaSNAVfrom 17.50304
SorrentoAlilauro13455
SorrentoNavigazione Libera del Golfo13451

Bus

Several bus companies service the Campania region. The following are especially useful for travellers:

ANM operates city buses in Naples. There's no central bus station, but most buses pass through Piazza Garibaldi.

City Sightseeing Napoli runs three hop-on, hop-off tourist routes in Naples. All depart from Largo Castello, beside the Castel Nuovo. Tickets are available on board, and children under five travel free.

EAV Connects Naples to the Campi Flegrei and to Sorrento. It also operates public buses on Ischia and Procida.

Infante Viaggi Runs coaches between Naples and Salerno into the Parco Nazionale del Cilento, Valle di Diano e Alburni.

SITA Sud Connects Sorrento to the Amalfi Coast. Also runs between Salerno and Naples (including Naples International Airport).

Mobility Amalfi Coast Runs local buses in Positano, with connections to Montepertuso, Nocelle and Praiano.

Car & Motorcycle

Much of central Naples is off-limits to nonresident vehicles, and the combo of anarchic traffic and illegal parking attendants demanding tips will quickly ruin your holiday.

Nonresident vehicles are prohibited on Capri for much of the year, and driving is largely discouraged on Ischia and Procida.

Peak-season traffic can make driving along the Amalfi Coast stressful, though having your own vehicle here means ultimate flexibility.

Driving is ideal in the Cilento region, allowing you to discover out-of-the-way towns and beaches.

More Information

If driving in Campania, get used to tailgaters; worry about what's in front of you, not so much what's behind you. Also, watch out for scooters and give way to pedestrians no matter where they appear from. Approach all junctions and traffic lights with extreme caution; and keep cool.

Naples is on the north–south Autostrada del Sole, the A1 (north to Rome and Milan) and the A3 (south to Salerno and Reggio di Calabria). The A30 skirts Naples to the northeast, while the A16 heads across to Bari.

When approaching Naples, the motorways meet the Tangenziale di Napoli, a major ring road around the city. The ring road hugs the city's northern fringe, meeting the A1 for Rome and the A2 to Capodichino airport in the east, and continuing towards Campi Flegrei and Pozzuoli in the west.

Automobile Associations

The Automobile Club d'Italia is a driver's best resource in Italy. Foreigners do not have to join to get roadside emergency service but instead pay a per-incident fee.

Bringing Your Own Vehicle

If you are determined to bring your own car to Naples, ensure that all the paperwork is in order and that you carry a hazard triangle and a reflective jacket in your car – and don't forget that Italians drive on the right-hand side. Arriving in Naples, you should be prepared for heavy traffic jams, particularly at commuter times and at lunchtime. Familiarise yourself with important road signs like uscita (exit) and raccordo (ring road surrounding a city).

Driving Licences

All EU driving licences are recognised in Italy. Travellers from other countries should obtain an International Driving Permit (IDP) through their national automobile association.

Fuel & Spare Parts

Petrol stations located along the main highways are open 24 hours. In smaller towns, the opening hours are generally 7am to 7pm Monday to Saturday, with a lunchtime break. The cost of benzina senza piombo (unleaded petrol) and gasolio (diesel) is about €1.56 and €1.41 per litre, respectively.

Spare parts are available at many garages or via the 24-hour ACI motorist assistance number 803116 (or 02 6616 5116 if calling with a non-Italian mobile-phone account).

Hire

  • Pre-booking via the internet often costs less than hiring a car once in Italy. Online booking agency Rentalcars.com (www.rentalcars.com) compares the rates of numerous car-rental companies.
  • Renters must generally be aged 21 or over, with a credit card and home-country driving licence or IDP.
  • Consider hiring a small car, which will reduce your fuel expenses and help you negotiate narrow city lanes and tight parking spaces.
  • Check with your credit-card company to see if it offers a collision damage waiver, which covers you for additional damage if you use that card to pay for the car.

The following companies have numerous pick-up locations in Campania:

Avis

Europcar

Hertz

Maggiore

In Naples, you can hire scooters from Vespa Sprint.

Parking

Parking in Naples is no fun. Blue lines by the side of the road denote pay-and-display parking – buy tickets at the meters or from tobacconists – with rates around €2 per hour. Elsewhere street parking is often overseen by illegal attendants who will expect a €2 to €3 fee for their protection of your car. It's usually easier to bite the bullet and pay them than attempt a moral stance.

You'll find a secure two-level car park beneath Piazza Garibaldi, open from 5am to 1am daily. East of the city centre, there's a 24-hour car park at Via Brin.

Elsewhere in the region, parking can be similarly problematic, especially at the main resorts on the Amalfi Coast and, even more especially, in August.

Road Rules

Contrary to appearances, there are road rules in Italy. Here are some of the most essential:

  • Cars drive on the right side of the road and overtake on the left. Unless otherwise indicated, always give way to cars entering an intersection from a road on your right.
  • Seatbelt use (front and rear) is required by law; violators are subject to an on-the-spot fine. Helmets are required on all two-wheeled vehicles.
  • Day and night, it is compulsory to drive with your headlights on outside built-up areas.
  • It’s obligatory to carry a warning triangle and fluorescent waistcoat in case of breakdown. Recommended accessories include a first-aid kit, spare-bulb kit and fire extinguisher.
  • A licence is required to ride a scooter – a car licence will do for bikes up to 125cc; for anything over 125cc, you'll need a motorcycle licence.
  • Motorbikes can enter most restricted traffic areas in Italian cities, and traffic police generally turn a blind eye to motorcycles or scooters parked on footpaths.
  • The blood alcohol limit is 0.05%; it's zero for drivers under 21 and those who have had their licence for less than three years.

Unless otherwise indicated, speed limits are as follows:

  • 130km/h on autostradas
  • 110km/h on all main, nonurban roads
  • 90km/h on secondary, nonurban roads
  • 50km/h in built-up areas

Toll Roads

There are tolls on most motorways, payable by cash or credit card as you exit. For information on traffic conditions, tolls and driving distances, see www.autostrade.it.

Train

Circumvesuviana trains (follow signs from Napoli Centrale station in Naples) run to Sorrento (€3.90) via Ercolano (Herculaneum; €2.20), Pompeii (€2.80) and other towns along the coast.Trains run from about 6am to around 10pm.

Ferrovia Cumana trains run to Pozzuoli (€2.20) and the Campi Flegrei. In Naples, Cumana trains depart from Stazione Cumana di Montesanto on Piazza Montesanto, 500m southwest of Piazza Dante.