Flights & getting there
Guglielmo Marconi Airport
Bologna's Guglielmo Marconi airport is 8km northwest of the city. It's served by more than 40 airlines, including Ryanair, easyJet and British Airways.
When it is officially inaugurated, Bologna's new monorail, the Marconi Express, will leave for the airport from the main train station every 3½ minutes with one stop in between at Lazzaretto (one-way/return €8.70/16, 7½ minutes). The train was set to be up and running imminently, but check ahead as setbacks have been frequent. Discounted online fares will be implemented in 2020.
Alternatively, the BLQ Aerobus (https://aerobus.bo.it), operated by TPER, runs from the main train station to Guglielmo Marconi airport every 10 to 30 minutes between 5am and 11.31pm. The 20-minute journey costs €6 (tickets can be bought on board).
A taxi from Bologna city centre will cost around €20 (considerably more if you call it rather than hail it in the street).
Intercity buses leave from the Autostazione di Bologna off Piazza XX Settembre, just southeast of the train station. However, for nearly all destinations, the train is a better option.
Car & Motorcycle
Bologna is linked to Milan, Florence and Rome by the A1 Autostrada del Sole. The A13 heads directly to Ferrara, Padua and Venice, and the A14 to Rimini and Ravenna. Bologna is also on the SS9 (Via Emilia), which connects Milan to the Adriatic coast. The SS64 goes to Ferrara.
Major car-hire companies are represented at Guglielmo Marconi airport and outside the train station. City offices include Budget and Hertz. Recommended B-Rent is the only agency operating from within the train station itself.
Bologna is a major transport junction for northern Italy, with most trains arriving at Bologna Centrale station. The high-speed train to Florence (from €17) takes only 35 minutes. Other lightning-quick Frecciarossa links include Venice (from €17, 1¼ hours), Milan (from €23, 1¼ hours), Rome (from €27, 2¼ hours) and Naples (from €36, 3½ hours). Slower, less expensive trains also serve these destinations. Check Italo (www.italotreno.it), Trenitalia's upstart competition, for alternative departures and prices.
Do as locals do and ask taxis to drop you directly at the underground high-speed platforms ('Stazione Alta Velocità') at the station (though occasionally Freccia trains are moved elsewhere).
Frequent trains connect Bologna with cities throughout Emilia-Romagna, including Modena, Parma, Ferrara, Ravenna and Rimini.