Discover with a Professional Guide the legendary “city of witches”.Benevento is the depository of ancient memories. The ancient name of the city was “Maloeventum” (bad wind), but the Romans re-baptised “Beneventum” (good wind), in honor of the victory over Pirro, King of the Epiro. The Samnites were the population living in the area of Benevento before the Romans, they were the only ones to resist long time the Roman power and the inhabitants of this land from that moment on held determinedly their character, in spite of the assaults of the Goths in 490 AD, the Longobards in 571, the Angioines and the Papist after the year 1000.
Benevento became a Papal city and then remained part of the Papal State until the Unification of Italy in 1861.
Itinerary of the Tour:
- The Arch of Trajan is the symbol of the city. It is 15m high and remained intact and rich in decorations,as a commemoration of the glorious feats of the Emperor.
- The Cathedral, founded in XVII century and later completely restructured, keeps the façade and the bell tower from the original structure.
- The church of Santa Sofia, founded in XVIII century by the Longobards, is the most evocative monument in Benevento and it is a masterpiece of Middle Age architecture. The church has an unusual star-shaped plan like the majestic Hagia Sofia in Istanbul, with pillars and columns of Roman origin. The cloister is magnificent and dates back to the XII century.
- In the monastery of Santa Sofia is located the Provincial Museum of Sannio with an archaeological section containing prehistoric relics, Greek and Italic ceramics, Egyptian, Hellenistic and Roman statues. The medieval section is also rich of tools, sculpture, jewelry and paintings dating from Baroque to the 1900’s.