Attractions

Top Choice Canyon in Þingvellir National Park

Tectonic Plates

The Þingvellir plain is situated on a tectonic-plate boundary where North America and Europe are tearing away from each other at a rate of 1mm to 18mm per year. As a result, the plain is scarred by dramatic fissures…
Top Choice Landmark in Þingvellir National Park

Alþingi Site

Near the dramatic Almannagjá fault and fronted by a boardwalk is the Lögberg (Law Rock), where the Alþingi (Parliament) convened annually. This was where the lögsögumaður (law speaker) recited the existing laws to t…
Lake in Þingvellir National Park

Þingvallavatn

Filling much of the rift plain, Þingvallavatn is Iceland’s largest lake, at 84 sq km. Pure glacial water from Langjökull filters through bedrock for 40km before emerging here. It’s joined by the hot spring Vellankat…
Church in Þingvellir National Park

Þingvallakirkja

Behind the Þingvallabær farmhouse, Þingvallakirkja is one of Iceland’s first churches. The original was consecrated in the 11th century, but the current wooden building dates from 1859. Inside are several bells from…
Ruins in Þingvellir National Park

Búðir

Straddling both sides of the Öxará river are the ruins of various temporary camps called búðir (literally 'booths'). These stone foundations were covered during Alþingi sessions and were where parliament-goers campe…
Historic Building in Þingvellir National Park

Þingvallabær

The little farmhouse in the bottom of the rift, Þingvallabær was built for the 1000th anniversary of the Alþing in 1930 by state architect Guðjón Samúelsson. It’s now used as the park warden’s office and prime minis…
Museum in Þingvellir National Park

Ljósafoss Power Station

The 1937 Ljósafoss Power Station catches the outflow of lake Úlfljótsvatn and turns it into electricity. In 2016, an elaborate state-of-the-art multimedia exhibition called Powering the Future opened, bringing the p…