Eger in detail

History

It was at Eger in 1552 that the Hungarians fended off the Turks for the first time during the 170 years of occupation. The Turks came back in 1596 and this time captured the city, turning it into a provincial capital and erecting several mosques and other buildings, until they were driven out at the end of the 17th century. Eger played a central role in the attempt by Ferenc Rákóczi II to overthrow the Habsburgs early in the 18th century, and it was then that a large part of the castle was razed by the Austrians. Having enjoyed the status of an episcopate since the time of King Stephen in the 11th century, Eger flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries, when the city acquired most of its wonderful baroque architecture.