The Moskitia (named for the Moskito people who live here, not the bloodthirsty insects) is one of the region's last frontiers of untamed wilderness. Huge expanses are virtually untouched jungle, and when combined with magnificent wetland and savanna habitats it's no wonder the region is often dubbed Central America's Amazon. You'll primarily hear the Moskito language spoken near the coasts, although most people also easily communicate in Spanish.
Manatees, tapirs and jaguars all thrive here, but aren't easy to spot. Crocodiles can be seen in the waters, while the birdlife, including macaws and fish eagles, is outstanding.
A visit to this region is not for the faint-hearted – access is tricky and conditions are rustic at best. Transport and safety are improving, however, and a trip through the Moskitia is a very adventurous way to cross into Nicaragua. Lancha voyages through rivers, past savannas and across great lagoons are a highlight.