- Starbow Airlines (www.flystarbow.com) and Africa World Airlines (www.flyawa.com.gh) operate domestic flights in Ghana.
- There are several daily flights from Accra to Kumasi (45 minutes), Takoradi (35 minutes) and Tamale (1¼ hours). They tend to be relatively cheap and a huge time saver when travelling north.
While getting around Ghana by bike is certainly possible, the rate of road accidents in Ghana is high, and driving is erratic, so you will need to pay close attention, particularly in Accra and Kumasi. Panniers are a must-have, and you should carry emergency food and water supplies when travelling in more remote areas, as well as any equipment you'll need in case of a breakdown.
While there is no passenger ferry network in Ghana, the Akosombo–Yeji cargo ferry accepts a limited number of passengers on its once-weekly service and is an adventurous way of reaching Tamale (you can pick up transport to Tamale from Yeji). The journey takes a minimum of 35 hours, depending on the punctuality of departure, the number of loading stops and the condition of the engine. It leaves Akosombo Port on Mondays and Yeji on Wednesdays. Standard seats cost C20, while an air-conditioned double cabin will set you back C90 per person.
- Buses are preferable to tro-tros (minibuses) for long journeys as they tend to be more comfortable and reliable.
- There are bus services to all of Ghana's main towns and cities.
- Intercity STC (http://stc.oyawego.com/) is Ghana's main long-haul bus company. After near collapse, during which rival company VIP took much of its business, it's back on its feet again, with new routes and a fleet of swish new buses.
- Other relevant bus companies for travellers include VIP (www.vipbusgh.com), which runs half-hourly buses between Accra and Kumasi, VVIP, which runs north of Accra to Kumasi and Tamale, and Metro Mass (www.metromass.com), which runs local services in various parts of the country.
- It's wise to book in advance as tickets get snapped up fast on the more popular routes.
- Services are usually less frequent on Sunday.
- There is always a charge for luggage. Theoretically, it should be per kilogram, but in practice, large rucksacks or suitcases just tend to be charged a flat fee. Baggage handlers will expect a tip for loading your bags.
Car & Motorcycle
- Driving is on the right in Ghana.
- Most main roads are in pretty good condition, though most secondary roads are unsealed.
- You will need an international driver's licence.
- Fuel is inexpensive at around C4 per litre.
- Hiring a car with a driver is a good option if you're short on time; travel agencies can usually arrange this. Depending on the distance, car and driver experience, factor in anything from US$100 to US$150 per day, plus fuel. Ghana Car Rentals is an excellent, professional company with reasonably priced vehicles.
It is not possible to get around Ghana by train.
- Within towns and on some shorter routes between towns, shared taxis are the usual form of transport. They run on fixed routes, along which they stop to pick up and drop off passengers. Fares are generally very cheap (C1 to C2).
- Private taxis don't have meters and rates are negotiable. It's best to ask a local in advance for the average cost between two points.
- Taxis can be chartered for an agreed period of time, anything from one hour to a day, for a negotiable fee.
- Uber officially arrived in Accra in September 2016.
Tro-tro is a catch-all category that embraces any form of public transport that's not a bus or taxi. Generally they're minibuses.
- Tro-tros cover all major and many minor routes.
- They don't work to a set timetable but leave when full.
- Fares are set but may vary on the same route depending on the size and comfort (air-con) of the vehicle.
- There is generally an additional luggage fee.
- The area where tro-tros and buses congregate is called, interchangeably, lorry park, motor park or station.
Street Signs & Name Changes
The government is part way through a street-naming project, with the aim of giving every street in Ghana a visible street sign. At the same time, many existing street names are changing. While we have endeavored to mark as many changes as possible, it is likely that more names will have changed by the time you read this.