We arrive from Tbilisi and visit :
RabatiVardziaBorjomiGreen MonasteryPharavani LakeNinotsmindaSaphara Tour duration is flexible, but about 7-9 hours. Nice bonuses are an entry fee to Sulphur pool in borjomi, entry fee in Rabati & Borjomi parks.
We continue our way to Vardzia cave town (12th century). Vardzia is one of the highlights of the trip and stretches over half a kilometer along the river Mtkvari, with 19 tiers. There used to be about 3000 caves here, but now there are just over 500. It has a church hewn out of rock with amazing 12th century frescoes. The Complex also includes living quarters, small hall-type churches, and refectories, wine cellar, etc. Not far from Borjomi in the valley of the Kura is one of the most ancient Georgian monasteries of Vardzia. This monastic complex, temples, residential and farm buildings are carved in the rock. Once the monastery-fortress served as a frontier stronghold. In its walls were housed up to 50 thousand soldiers. In 1283 a powerful earthquake happened in these places, causing irreparable damage to the complex. Part of the rock collapsed into the Kura. Today Vardzia is an active monastery.
Borjomi is the small town in mountains. There are many beautiful places to visit there, but most famous the town became because of mineral water Botjomi, with unique healing qualities and taste. It’s been known for centuries, that this water was unique, but it really become famous during Russian reign in Georgia. Russian built here resort, palaces, and found out about mineral water itself. Borjomi water won its first golden medal in 1907 in Belgium. The water has been bottled since 1896.
Continue towards the town of Akhlatsikhe (Rabati Fortress) that always has had strategic importance. That’ why the fortress Rabat has been built here in IX century, it’s been called the fortress inside the fortress. It was guarding Georgia for centuries, but there were periods, when enemies took over. The fortress keeps traces of both times, giving us unforgettable impression. The fortress has been renovated several years ago. Here you can see the Georgian church, mosque and Madrasa – Islamic school, citadel, and unique museum. The Rabati fortress is one of the highlights of this region.The city of Akhaltsikhe was as important strategic importance as Vardzia. The new fortress, which was huge at the time, was supposed to protect the southern lands and the entire country from the invasion by the Turks, which constantly infringed upon the Georgian lands. Several centuries to deter enemies was possible. But in 1578 the Ottoman troops still occupied Akhaltsikhe and stayed here for a long time. Today, the Akhaltsikhe fortress of Rabat keeps a trace of the presence of both cultures. This is one of the most beautiful medieval fortifications, located on seven acres. You will see the Turkish baths and the tomb of the Pasha-governor. The mosque adjoins here with a synagogue and Christian churches of Armenians and Georgians.
We visit Beautiful Pharavani lake and enjoy great beauty of south Georgia. After, we visit Ninothsminda, Green Monastery and Saphara.
We go back to Tbilisi.