The museum is set in the childhood home of writer Alexander Kazbegi (1848–93), 300m north of Kazbegis moedani. Kazbegi made the unusual decision to become a shepherd after studying in Tbilisi, St Petersburg and Moscow. Later he wrote the novels and plays that made him famous. The museum’s ground floor contains photos, paintings and traditional artefacts documenting local life; the upstairs is devoted to the man.
Kazbegi's grave lies under a large stone sculpture near the fence outside: he asked to be buried in sight of Mt Kazbek.