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Rome colonised the Aquitaine region in 56 BC, naming the area 100km east of the Atlantic at the lowest bridging point on the River Garonne, Burdigala. From 1154 to 1453, after Eleanor of Aquitaine married would-be King Henry II of England, the city prospered under the English. Their fondness for the region’s red wine (known across the Channel as claret) provided the impetus for Bordeaux’s international reputation for quality wines. Centuries on, this reputation continues to flourish.