The Villa Savoye (or Villa Le Corbusier) is located in Paris Region. Formulated by Le Corbusier in 1927 as the fundamental principles of the Modern movement, the five points advocate reinforced concrete for constructing the pilotis, roof garden, open plan design, horizontal windows and free design of the façade - all applied in the design of the Villa Savoye. Swiss-born, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (1887-1965), known as Le Corbusier, was part of the Parisian avant-garde. He was a founding member of the International Congress on Modern Architecture (or CIAM), launched in 1928. This weekend retreat is the last in Le Corbusier’s white villa cycle and perfectly encapsulates the Modernist architectural vocabulary. Abandoned, it was restored by the French state from 1963 to 1997. It was listed as a historic monument in 1964 when Le Corbusier was still alive, an extraordinarily rare occurrence. Get to visit this very iconic monument with your direct entry ticket.
Make your own way to the Villa Savoye in Poissy and use your pre-paid ticket to skip the line and enjoy priority access. Once inside, set out on a self-guided tour and spend as long as you like exploring the magnificent villa. The five modern architectural elements defined by Le Corbusier were fully applied to the Villa Savoye:
The stilt structure. Much of the first floor is supported by external stilts, reflecting Greek peristyles, creating a covered walkway which, in this particular case, is used for vehicle traffic.
The roof terrace. The Villa Savoye has two flat roofs on different levels, each a separate living space: a hanging garden on the first floor and a solarium on the second floor.
The open-plan layout: Since the floors are supported by a network of reinforced concrete posts/stilts, the walls have no load-bearing function and therefore act exclusively as both interior and exterior partitions. The layout is therefore described as open-plan. As a result, Le Corbusier was able to design an 86 m² living room that opened out onto the external space, with three full-length windows on three sides and a single window panel measuring an extraordinary 9 x 3 metres.
The open façade: Due to the structure mentioned above, the façades are known as open since they no longer support any weight. Le Corbusier created a series of new windows on the façade, and was able to use any shape of his choosing, since he was not bound by structural constraints. As a result, in order to bring as much light as possible to the ground floor and to create diverse external spaces, he designed a curved and glazed façade, as can be seen on this level.
The ribbon windows: These windows consist of two horizontal, glazed panels, one of which slides open along the full length of the other. Le Corbusier placed these in the middle of the façade, bringing as much light as possible into every room in the house. It is this profusion of panoramic light with no blind spots that inspired Mr and Mrs Savoye to give their country residence its nickname, “Les Heures Claires” (bright times).