Canterbury’s past is as rich as it comes. From AD 200 there was a Roman town here, which later became the capital of the Saxon kingdom of Kent. When St Augustine arrived in England from Africa in 597 to bring the Christian message to the pagan hordes, he chose Canterbury as his cathedra (primary seat) and set about building an abbey on the outskirts of town. Following the martyrdom of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, the town became northern Europe’s most important pilgrimage destination, which in turn prompted Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, one of the most outstanding works in English literature.
Despite its blasphemous murders and rampant tourism, the city of Canterbury still remains the primary seat for the Church of England.