From the main road to Baris, an asphalted track leads 2km to this imposing mud-brick fortress. The garrison’s massive outer walls enclose a 25th-dynasty sandstone temple, dedicated to the Theban triad Amun, Mut and Khons. In later centuries, the fortress served as the perimeter for a village, with some houses surviving along the outer wall. Within the hypostyle hall a series of reliefs show Hapy, the pot-bellied Nile god, holding symbols of the nomes (provinces) of Upper Egypt.

Its name means ‘Fortress of the Small Garden’, which harks back to the days when this area was a fertile agricultural community.